For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. A bacterial infection is best treated with a prescription antibiotic that is specific for the type of bacteria causing the infection. One of the bacteria of concern today is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) a bacterium associated with Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli). Chin J. In rare cases, these types of infections can be severe and could spread to other areas of the body. Bacterial infections except chlamydiae: Specimen consists of exudate, collected by a sterile platinum loop … The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. Virus types Tetanus 7. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an … Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. Tooth decay results from the production of acid by bacterial fermentation of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Age also determines the propensity of bacterial infection in cats. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. There are a great many types of bacterial infection that can affect the skin, most of which can be easily treated with antibiotics. Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. Leprosy 5. Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI). A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. 28th ed. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. 2009.American Academy of Pediatrics. Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. Different Types. Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.S. Dental Caries or Cavities Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. About Bacterial Infection. ISBN 978-1-58110-306-9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. A doctor can determine the underlying cause of an illness based on the patient's symptoms and other factors. Pertussis 6. Types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus. Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. 17th ed. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. Some oral infections are more serious than others. Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. Definition of CRE . There are various types of bacteria that affect each and every part of the body and this is a common health issue which we face throughout our lives. Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. Bacteria may also enter your body through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia. Gonorrhoea 9. In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. Bacterial skin infections. Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Syphilis 10. They usually cause mild infections, … Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. Osteomyelitis. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? Osteomyelitis often occurs when an infection elsewhere in the body, such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, spreads through the blood to the bones. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Cystitis. Scalp infections occur when bacteria or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp. Serious kinds of infections will require medical attention and help in strengthening the immune system. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. 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