Thus, it can be understood that deontology follows scriptures that show sufficient light on the rules of conduct or moral rules and intuition. For this and other reasons, many thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, deontological ethics. Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics. Looking “Along” A Review of Moral Combat: How Sex Divided American Christians and Fractured American Politics by R. Marie Griffith, She Who Has Eyes, Let Her See: A look at Didn’t See That Coming by Rachel Hollis, BoJack Horseman: Loneliness in a Godless Universe, HBO’s Westworld and the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. Deontological ethics has at least three important features. Moral statements say, “keep your promises,” “do not murder,” and so forth. This word is derived from the Greek words ‘deon’ and ‘logos’. On the other hand, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account. There are several varieties of utilitarianism. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Difference Between Act Utilitarianism and Rule Utilitarianism, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Curriculum and Instruction, Difference Between Lacunae and Osteocytes, Difference Between Interstitial and Appositional Growth, Difference Between Methylacetylene and Acetylene, Difference Between Nicotinamide and Nicotinamide Riboside, Difference Between Bleaching Action of SO2 and Cl2, Difference Between Collagen Elastin and Reticular Fibers. There are several schools of thought regarding morality. Suffice it to say that the majority of moral philosophers and theologians have found it defective. These are associated with morality. Answer by Tony Fahey Hi Jerica, notwithstanding the fact that this seems suspiciously like an assignment question, I believe the two theories… But basically, a utilitarian approach to morality implies that no moral act (e.g., an act of stealing) or rule (e.g., “Keep your promises”) is intrinsically right or wrong. Her research interests are mainly in the fields of Sociology, Applied linguistics, Sociolinguistics, and Linguistic anthropology. The word “deontological” comes from the Greek word deon which means “binding duty.”. A Christian Perspective, Bespoke Religiosity and the Rise of the Nones: a review of Strange Rites: New Religions for a Godless World by Tara Isabella Burton, Perspective Matters: Looking “At” vs. Rather, the rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is solely a matter of the overall nonmoral good (e.g., pleasure, happiness, health, knowledge, or satisfaction of individual desire) produced in the consequences of doing that act or following that rule. However, when paying attention to Deontology it is different in comparison to Utilitarianism. 1.”JohnStuartMill”. Thus, consequentiality becomes very important in this school of thought. Space does not allow for a detailed critique of utilitarianism here. Deontology is exactly the opposite of utilitarianism when it comes to the explanations of its concepts. This does not mean that consequences of acts are not relevant for assessing those acts. For example, acts of lying, promise breaking, or murder are intrinsically wrong and we have a duty not to do these things. Provide a concrete example to support your response. The morality of an action is determined by the outcome of that action. Deontological ethics is in keeping with Scripture, natural moral law, and intuitions from common sense. It’s the support of friends like you that enables CRI to keep these articles FREE. There is a belief that the philosopher thinks and implements ideas that are more selfish in the utilitarianism school of thought. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. This is one of the important principles laid down by the ethical school of thought called deontology. Kant stated that a universal law should provide the basis for each act, and that the intention was of more importance than the result. First, duty should be done for duty’s sake. Third, a moral principle is a categorical imperative that is universalizable; that is, it must be applicable for everyone who is in the same moral situation. Utilitarianism vs Deontology. In sum, according to utilitarianism, morality is a matter of the nonmoral good produced that results from moral actions and rules, and moral duty is instrumental, not intrinsic. Healthcare follows the utilitarianism principles to a great extent. Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms. Doing the right thing means to follow proper rules of behavior and, by doing so, promoting fairness and equality. Do I Drink Virtuously? These are the important differences between the two schools of thought regarding morality, namely, Utilitarianism and Deontology. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } This can be identified as the main difference between the two concepts. Not only that it directs individuals to do what is right or wrong; moreover, it makes them do what is in the best of their conscience. For example, utilitarianism can be used to justify punishing an innocent man or enslaving a small group of people if such acts produce a maximization of consequences. Deontology says that if the action is not moral in character or nature then the outcome too cannot be moral or ethical. One of the finest principles included in the school of thought of deontology is that, every action should be characterized by morality. Utilitarianism vs Deontology . Another important difference between the two schools of thought regarding ethical behavior is that, utilitarianism is more consequence-oriented in character. • Deontology takes the universally accepted codes of conduct into account whereas, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account. Utilitarian Ethics Vs Deontology 1515 Words | 7 Pages. DEONTOLOGY vs UTILITARIANISM The theory of deontology is derived from the writings of German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). But these acts are clearly immoral regardless of how fruitful they might be for the greatest number. The following is an excerpt from article DE197-1 from the Christian Research Institute. The stress is laid on the end that the means, of getting there, becomes only secondary. Unlike religious deontological … She is currently employed as a lecturer. However in Deontology, the end does not justify the means. All rights reserved. It is interesting to note that according to utilitarianism, utility is all about the result of an action. It is the morality of an action that can determine the morality of its outcome. Deontology is defined as the area of ethics involving the responsibility, moral duty and commitment.