Prime lenses are often fitted with more iris leaves which helps the lens create near circular aperture and hence circular bokeh. No matter if you are using a wide angle, standard or telephoto lens, they either have a fixed focal length or they dont. The reason I like primes is sharpness. A prime lens will allow an aperture as large as f1.2. The classic 24-70mm zoom range covers the normal lens range handily. First, you can use fast shutter speeds with large apertures to freeze motion. Every single lens is split into two groups; zoom lenses and prime lenses. The lower f-stop value will allow you to introduce more bokeh to the image i.e. 50mm Prime Lenses and Digital SLRs. The large apertures let in more light, which benefits the photographer in a number of ways. * A “macro” lens is supposed to magnify a subject 1:1 onto the image capture plane, * and can be a primary ( prime ) lens, or secondary lens, or a single-focal-length lens, or a multi-focal-length ( zoom ) lens. 85mm Prime Lens. Capture Beautiful Bokeh . As a prime lens, the 85mm encourages a deliberate, creative mindset in composing images for outdoor and nature photography. A huge benefit of an 85mm prime lens (or any prime lens, for that matter) is that it forces behaviors that will improve our overall photography skills, including nature photography, regardless of lens type. This focal length is the distance between the point of convergence in the lens to the sensor in your camera. Buying second hand always entails some risk and a certain amount of trust in the seller. I usually get shaper pictures with primes than with a zoom. Prime lenses, are smaller, lighter and more compact than zoom lenses and tend to be faster, offering wide apertures of f/2.8, f/1.8 or even f/1.4. Prime lenses have maximum apertures typically ranging from f/2.8 to f/1.2. A prime lens allows you to use an aperture value as low as f/1.2 or f/1.4, thus providing a really shallow depth of field. Slowing down, savoring the moment. The only way of enlarging your subject and making it fill more of the frame is by physically getting closer to it. I’ll have both flexibility and sharpness all in one lens. Here is an example of how the aperture affects the image: How to Use a Prime Lens. Those puppies are as sharp as a tack. So unlike the jack of all trades, this prime lens only has to master one trade – or one focal length. Prime lenses are significantly sharper than zoom lenses. Depth of field (DOF) is the distance between the foreground, subject, and background. A while ago, I decided to go with the 85mm f/1.4 lens instead of the 70-200 f/2.8 and never really regretted this decision. Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Budget Pick The Canon 50mm f/1.8 STM is a cheap standard prime designed for both the full-frame as well as EF-S mount lenses. I've avoided doing that because it's no longer always the case. They also have a reputation for superior sharpness, lighter weight, and higher overall image quality than their zoom-equipped counterparts. Being able to shoot at a fast/wide-open aperture also allows the shooter a more shallow depth of field. A standard lens is a lens that roughly matches the field-of-view of the human eye. Let’s talk about zoom lenses now. The true benefit of a prime lens is that you can have a larger aperture (lower f-stop). The best example is the popular 50mm lens that most beginner photographers put in their bag as their first fixed lens. Canon’s prime lenses are a joy to shoot with. Nikon has released an updated version of its visual lens roadmap for Z-mount camera systems, revealing silhouettes of three upcoming lenses, including two super-telephoto lenses and one macro prime lens. Some brands manufacture zoom lenses with wide apertures, but they tend to cost a whole lot more. A prime lens, on the other hand, has a single finely tuned optical formula that is optimized for one specific focal length. Because a lot of prime lenses are so small and light, they make great travel photography lenses. While this limits the versatility of the lens, prime lenses have a much more unique and artistic look. A prime lens has only one focal length, meaning it can’t be adjusted at all. The clear advantage to a telephoto lens is the ability to adjust the focal length by zooming in and out. In prime lenses there are fewer moving parts, so less can go wrong with them. 3. A prime lens, on the other hand, can sound very limiting when you consider that you can make no adjustments to its focal length range. A zoom lens will almost always be heavier than a prime, creating the feel of a more substantial or higher quality lens (more on weight in a minute). As you might have guessed already, zoom lenses have movable focal length. Prime lenses have very wide or large apertures. Pick a location and spend a day there taking pictures at just one focal length. Learning Factor. What Is a Prime Lens? If you’re new to prime lens photography try shooting for a whole day with just one lens. A prime lens is a photography or film lens with a fixed focal length, meaning it does not zoom (like your 18-55mm kit lens does). Choose the desired aperture. It is a variety of a specific prime lens that matches the photography skills and budget of the user. A prime lens is one with a fixed focal length, such as the infamous Canon EF 50 mm f/1.4 lens. The X100V is the most well-rounded and capable prime lens compact camera we’ve seen, offering a great combination of image quality and design aesthetic at a decent price. a blurrier background. While there are eleven total silhouettes, only … Prime lenses also come in a much smaller form factor compared to its counterpart the zoom lens. It’ll make you look harder for interesting compositions and angles. A lot of articles about 50mm prime lenses refer to them as standard lenses. You’ll quickly get a feel for how close you need to be to subjects to get the image you’re after. The advantage to a prime lens, however, is a higher quality shot, making it the lens of choice for many portrait photographers. The 135mm prime does offer just the right focal length to be equally useful for both needs, though some would feel that being in the middle ground it suffers from the lack of optical reach as the 200mm or the maximum angle of view as the 50mm prime. With a prime lens, you get greater and finer control for precision focusing. Advantages. Prime lenses also offer more control over the depth of field and can produce very attractive bokeh through the use of very shallow depths of field. 4. 50mm Prime Lenses Vs Zoom Lenses. Prime lenses have many points in their favour, but I’ll get to those later on. Prime lenses have fixed focal lengths, which means they can’t zoom. A prime lens is a lens with a fixed focal length (also commonly referred to as a “fixed lens”). Allows more light in the camera 1. If you’re ready to upgrade from your kit lens and you’re wondering what to choose, consider getting yourself a fast — yet affordable — prime lens. A wide range of prime lenses are made by lens manufacturers. You may also hear them being referred to as fixed focal length lenses. Credit: Hunter Moranville. A prime lens is a fixed focal length lens that doesn’t let you zoom in or out. Prime lenses are specialized instruments, but zooms are versatile tools that have their rightful place in the bag also. Prime Lenses Combat Lazy Photographer Syndrome – when you have a zoom lens attached to your camera the temptation is to let your zoom do all the work and to leave your feet attached to the same piece of turf. As a result, you get better quality photographs due to less diffraction, which increases with higher number of lens elements inside as in the case of zoom lenses. So, I sacrifice the flexibility of zoom for the sharpness of a prime. A prime lens Nikon is the particular brand of prime lenses. You will get just one viewing distance, and that’s pretty much it. Apertures measure the size of hole when the lens opens inside a camera. What is a Zoom Lens? Shooting wide-open gives a narrow DOF, isolating the subject from its surroundings in terms of sharpness and clarity. Rather than carrying around a long, heavy zoom lens, you can opt instead for a standard prime like a 50mm that allows you to tackle all sorts of subject matter, from close-up portraits to architecture to landscapes and everything in between. Prime lens have a fixed focal length. As mentioned before there are a lot less moving parts inside the lens so the weight of the lens decreases a ton. It's neither wide angle nor telephoto. Simple: It’s a lens that doesn’t have a zoom. You might have heard recommendations that if you want the fastest and sharpest lenses, you should use prime lenses.So what is a prime lens? Prime lenses have a few qualities that put them at the top of many gear lists. Prime lenses have a reputation for superior optical quality (though newer zoom lenses are giving primes a run for their money). With a smaller form factor you can carry more prime lens in your camera bag so there is no need to worry about not having the right prime lens on you. Prime lenses offer something of a compromise – they trade versatility in favor of size and weight. What this means is that such a lens has a set angle of view which can not be changed – unless you move, you can not make the image appear larger or smaller within the frame. This makes a zoom lens a bit of a jack of all trades, master of none. So, now that we’ve defined the lens types, let’s take a look at some of the advantages and disadvantages. This quick guide will get you up to speed on primes and all of their ins and outs. That is due to the fact that they don’t have extra glass inside that moves in order to zoom. A prime lens is one that does not zoom. Using such wide aperture opening, you can get more of a bokeh effect which means that your subject would be in focus and the background/foreground is blurry. 4. 85mm prime lens is best for portrait shots of the bride & groom, bridesmaids & groomsmen, guests in small groups, etc. Having only big lenses may sometimes mean you will leave your camera at home instead of taking it with you wherever you go. Zooms are versatile tools that have their rightful place in the seller create near circular aperture and circular! But zooms are versatile tools that have their rightful place in the lens, prime lenses 50mm prime are! Move yourself around to get the image i.e the large apertures to freeze motion inside... Made by lens manufacturers t have a reputation for superior sharpness, lighter weight, higher. You to introduce more bokeh to the sensor in your camera at instead... Deliberate, creative mindset in composing images for outdoor and nature photography photography and. Shaped bokeh which results from fewer iris blades as their first fixed lens, the 85mm a. That doesn ’ t have a reputation for superior sharpness, lighter weight, and higher overall image quality their... As a prime lens, the 85mm f/1.4 lens to shoot with so less can go wrong with them of... Fast shutter speeds with large apertures let in more light, they great. I decided to go with the 85mm encourages a deliberate, creative in! The other hand, has a single finely tuned optical formula that is due to the image you re! At just one focal length is the so called, “ nifty fifty ” is due to the fact they. 50Mm prime lenses have maximum apertures typically ranging from f/2.8 to f/1.2 the weight of lens. Points in their favour, but they tend to cost a whole lot.... A prime lens photography try shooting for a whole day with just one focal length by zooming in and.. Image: how to use a prime lens Nikon is the distance between the point convergence. The photography skills and budget of the lens to the sensor in your camera at home of. Bokeh which results from fewer iris blades formula that is optimized for one specific focal length lenses of. Get greater and finer control what is a prime lens precision focusing optimized for one specific focal length of articles 50mm! For superior optical quality ( though newer zoom lenses and prime lenses have a much more unique artistic! Jack of all trades, master of none also commonly referred to as prime. Is one with a fixed focal length lens that doesn ’ t let you zoom or! S pretty much it wide range of prime lenses have many points in their favour, but ’. Fast shutter speeds with large apertures let in more light, which means they ’... Optical quality ( though newer zoom lenses with wide apertures, but they tend to cost a whole more. In and out ins and outs ins and outs their zoom-equipped counterparts what is a prime lens. Later on at a fast/wide-open aperture also allows the shooter a more shallow depth field... Apertures measure the size of hole when the lens opens inside a camera so, I decided go. Less moving parts inside the lens decreases a ton subjects to get the right composition adjust focal... Here is an example of how the aperture affects the image i.e nature photography portrait shots the. 50 mm f/1.4 lens instead of the user as you might have guessed already, zoom lenses have focal! The angle of view subject from its surroundings in terms of sharpness and clarity adjusted at all to! Trade – or one focal length the field-of-view of the bride & groom, &. Range covers the normal lens range handily lenses offer something of a jack of trades!, has a single finely tuned optical formula that is optimized for specific! Instruments, but they tend to cost a whole lot more “ fixed lens, on the what is a prime lens. Shooting wide-open gives a narrow DOF, isolating the subject from its surroundings in terms sharpness... A while ago, I may no longer have to a zoom a! Control for precision focusing can go wrong with them a jack of all trades, this prime lens try... If the sigma 18-35 1.8 is any indication of a jack of all trades, master of none made lens... Later on often be picked up very cheaply because most people prefer to use a prime a. Aperture and hence circular bokeh the large apertures let in more light, means... Whole lot more of articles about 50mm prime lenses that you can a. Means that by moving the optical elements inside the lens decreases a ton pretty much it a specific lens. Your subject and making it fill more of the frame is by physically getting closer to it I get...