The two to four white eggs are laid at two-day intervals and are incubated solely by the female while the male supplies the food. The young are fed by the brooding female using food brought by the male for about Status: Common, protected. The underparts vary in colour from whitish to buff marked with dark spots. The African Grass Owl is a notoriously difficult bird to locate and as such it is very sought-after by birdwatchers. The nest is a shallow hollow lined with grass at the end of a [4], The African grass owl species is regarded by some authors as the same species as the eastern grass owl Tyto longimembris of Asia and Australia. This is a consequence of observable differences in hunting techniques and efficiency of brooding. The primary feathers and secondary feathers are pale brownish-grey with dark bars and yellow bases. Paired owls often roost together and sometimes small parties spots. It is also known as the Common Grass Owl. At 5 weeks the other tunnels. Normally hunts in a wavering flight low over the ground, Similar to Barn Owl in shape and size but shows a much darker back that contrasts with the pale underparts. The African grass owl is a good bioindicator species. There are isolated populations in the Ethiopian Highlands, Kenya and Uganda and Cameroon. 10 days; thereafter, both parents feed the chicks. listening and watching for prey, but will also hunt from a perch. The body length is 38–42 cm (15–17 in), the wing length 283–345 mm (11.1–13.6 in) and they weigh between 355 and 520 g (12.5 and 18.3 oz). [4], The African grass owl breeds from December to August, but the main breeding season is from February to April. Weight 355-520g. There are two subspecies of African grass owl currently recognised:[7], The African grass owl is evaluated as Least Concern. These tunnels can be several metres long and connect with other tunnels. to be the song of the male. Wing length 283-345mm. [1][2], The African grass owl is found in moist grassland and open savanna up to an elevation of 3,200 m (10,500 ft). The African grass owl (Tyto capensis) is a species of owl in the barn owl family, Tytonidae. [9], "Tyto capensis (African Grass-owl, African Grass-Owl, Grass Owl)", Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=African_grass_owl&oldid=976698993, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 September 2020, at 13:18. [2] Studies done in the Eastern Cape reveal that, in comparison with the Barn owl (Tyto alba), the African grass owl hunts later in the morning and earlier in the evening. Nesting on the ground makes it common for a nest to be destroyed, but specific reports of predation are not found in the literature. The nest is a shallow hollow lined with grass positioned at the end of a grass tunnel. Voice: A screeching call similar to the Common Barn Owl, but less strident. The domed platform created at the end of a tunnel serves as either the nest or daytime roost site. the food. The short tail has unifor… However, reintroduction of the African grass owl is not a simple process because supplementary feeding is required and the habitat must be suitable and contain sufficient prey. In some cases males may also join in these attacks. Breeding: Breeds from December to August, but mainly February to April. The short tail has uniform brown central feathers fading to paler, almost white, outer feathers which show about four dark bars. Eastern Grass Owl (Tyto longimembris) bird sounds free download on dibird.com. Listed as 'Least Concern' by Birdlife International. 1834. Page by Deane Lewis. South African Quarterly Journal, Vol. The eyes are brownish-black, and the bill is whitish to pale pink. [5], To combat their state of vulnerability in South Africa, programmes of captive breeding and release for the African grass owl were tested and studies revealed that this may be a possible effective conservation strategy. The female feeds the young taking food brought by the male for the first 10 days; after which, both parents feed the chicks. Description: The facial disc is whitish-cream, with a thin yellowish-buff rim that is densely spotted dark. yellowish-grey. Handbook of the Birds of the World: Barn Owls to Hummingbirds, Owls of the World: Their Lives, Behavior and Survival, Owls: A Guide to the Owls of the World (Second Edition), Owls of the World: A Photographic Guide (Second Edition). Incubation starts with the first egg and lasts 32-42 days. In east Africa it may also be found in dry grassland and at higher altitudes in Aberdares and on Mount Kenya. African grass owls use a clicking call to communicate with each other. May also be found in dry grassland and at higher altitudes in Distribution: East Africa from Ethiopian Highlands south to the Cape, and across south Congo to north Angola. The African grass owl resembles the barn owl and has a heart shaped whitish-cream facial disc, with a narrow yellowish-buff rim which is densely spotted dark. Non mammalian prey included frogs, African snipe Gallinago nigripennis and termites. A high-pitched sibilant tremolo lasting one to two seconds is thought to be the song of the male. In each case, habitat is normally characterised by long dense grass. The African Grass Owl is a medium-sized owl with long legs and no ear-tufts. There is an isolated [2] When the owl locates prey it dives to the ground and picks it up with its talons, feeding on the ground or taking the prey on a nearby perch. and the bill is whitish to pale pink. It roosts during the day on the ground in tall, rank grass where it creates domed platforms and tunnels by trampling down the surrounding grass. A high-pitched sibilant tremolo of 1-2 seconds is thought After leaving the nest, the young remain with the The eyes are brownish-black, and the bill is whitish to pale pink. may have roosts quite close to one another. Calls include a short, rough scream and low, creaking notes. See also: Other owls from Africa, [2], It is distributed in sub-Saharan Africa where there are two blocks of its main range, one in central southern Africa across southern Congo and northern Angola to the central coast of Mozambique and the other centred on South Africa from the Western Cape north to the southern extremities of Zimbabwe, Botswana and Mozambique. Aberdares and on Mount Kenya in east Africa. parents for about 3 weeks, before becoming independent. When the nestlings are about 4 weeks old, the female no longer roosts at the nest. This owl becomes active after sunset and hunts at night. It normally hunts in an erratic flight close to the ground, listening and watching for prey, but will also "sit and wait" hunt from a perch. flecks. often tangled grass. Primaries and secondaries are pale brownish-grey with darker bars and yellowish bases. Pairs of owls frequently roost together and occasionally small groups of owls may roost quite close to each other. Roosts during the day on the ground in tall, Once fledged, the young stay with the parents for about 3 weeks, and are independent after that. Last updated 2020-11-12. The legs have whitish feathers which extend to the lower third of the tarsi. Voice: A screeching call similar to the Common Barn Owl, but less strident. [6], The preferred prey of the African grass owl are rodents and other small mammals normally weighing less than 100 g (3.5 oz) and taken from the ground. Size: Length 38-42cm. 4, Part 1, p 317. Claws are dark greyish-brown to blackish. The Giant Eagle Owl lives up to its … The female incubates the eggs alone, while the male supplies Breeding in Australasia, Oriental Region: India to se China, Taiwan, Philippines, Sulawesi, se New Guinea, n, ne Australia, New Caledonia; can be seen in 19 countries. Tunnels can be several metres long and connect with [4], The habitats in which this species breeds and feeds are often alongside areas of human activity, such as industrial, agricultural or mining areas. A high-pitched sibilant tremolo of 1-2 seconds is thought to be the song of the male. The tail is short, with the central feathers uniform brown, A domed platform at the end of a tunnel serves as the nest or daytime roost. Domed platforms and tunnels are created by trampling down the surrounding grass. 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